L ‘Ethiopia Began the second phase of filling a controversial dam on the Nile River, condemnedEgypt, July 5 Monday. An attempt to create increasing tension at a meeting of the UN Security Council on Thursday.
Egyptian Irrigation Minister Mohamed Abdel Atti explained Addis Ababa at the start of the second phase of filling. “Definitely reject [cette] Unilateral action ‘, According to a report released by his ministry on Monday. The beginning of this second phase of filling the dam “Indicates a violation of international laws and standards governing construction projects in shared basins of international rivers”, He was angry.
Ethiopia’s Renaissance dam upstream of the Nile has long been in conflict with Egypt. Sudan, Fearing for their water resources. The UN Security Council will meet on Thursday to discuss the request Tunisia, Permanent member of the Council and representative of the Arab world on behalf of Egypt and Sudan. Ethiopia opposes the meeting, but is expected to attend.
In recent weeks, Sudan and Egypt have sent letters to the UN Security Council seeking urgent recommendation. His Excellency the head of Egyptian diplomacy, Same Chowkri, has accused Ethiopia of stalling talks since April. “Accepted an uncompromising tax, thereby spurring joint action taken to reach an agreement on the Renaissance Dam.”.
“We can open the door”
Last weekend, France, which chaired the Security Council in July, considered the body’s powers limited to resolving the conflict, while it is administered by the African Union (AU). “I don’t think the Security Council can solve the question of roadblocks., Said Nicola de Rivier, French ambassador to the UN. We can open the door, invite all three countries to the table, express their concerns and encourage them to come back to negotiations to find a solution. “.
Construction of the dam by Ethiopia began in 2011. Downhill, Egypt and Sudan are demanding an agreement with Addis Ababa on filling its reservoirs. Ethiopia, which said it would run the first phase of filling in the summer of 2020, had recently announced that it would advance to the second phase in July with or without an agreement. He says the dam is important to meet the energy needs of its 110 million people.
Sudan hopes the dam will control its annual flooding, but fears adverse consequences without agreement. Egypt, which relies 97% on the Nile for its water supply, sees it as a threat to its resources. Egyptian Foreign Minister Same Chowkri said the second phase of filling the tank in May “It simply came to our notice then[it] Not water benefits “ From his country. “Make sure we have enough water in the Upper Dam Reservoir” In Aswan, in southern Egypt, he said on a local television station.
The Renaissance Dam, with a total water capacity of 74 billion cubic meters, was built on the Blue Nile, near the Sudanese border in northwestern Ethiopia, forming the Nile along with the Nile White in Khartoum. With a capacity of about 6,500 MW, it could become the largest hydroelectric dam in Africa.