This is 10 years ago today: on October 20, 2011, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was assassinated. At the time, rebels from the National Transitional Council (CNT) backed by Washington, Paris and London were fighting the Libyan army. Tripoli is in the hands of the CNT and Muammar Gaddafi. The rebels suspect he is rooted in his hometown of Sirte and launch a final offensive. In the next few hours, we learn of his capture and later of his death. To this day, the circumstances of his death are not yet clear.
October 20, 2011. 1:15 pm local time. Abdel Madjit, a CNT commander, announced Capture of Muammar Gaddafi. After 42 years of dictatorial rule, ” Guide to the Revolution Its last fortress is rooted in Sirte. In the vehicle queue, he tried to leave the city. The vehicle was attacked by NATO forces.
Muammar Gaddafi tried to flee. Some say he tried to hide in the sewer before being caught by CNT militants. The first photos he captures show him with a bloody, distracted face. But alive.
Forty minutes later, the same CNT commander announced that Muammar Gaddafi was dead and that he had died without treatment. We will have to wait another hour before his death is confirmed. What happened ?
Shooting, grenade, murder … many versions, but not sure
There are several versions of the circumstances of his death, which are still unclear today, explains Hasni Abidi, director of the Center for Research and Research in the Arab World. According to the official version of the Libyan authorities, Muammar Gaddafi was shot in the head in a shootout between his supporters and rebel forces.
However, videos filmed by CNT militants and collected by Human Rights Watch show he was caught alive, but with heavy bleeding from a head injury. According to the NGO, this could have happened if one of his bodyguards had thrown a grenade.
Another video shows him being attacked by opposition forces.
In a testimony collected by the NGO, the commander of the Misrata Brigade, when arrested, admits that it was a mess. ” There were many fighters … “, he said,” People pulled his hair, beat him, and bayoneted him .
Muammar Gaddafi was targeted by NATO airstrikes, especially by the French and British. (…) He was wounded in the head, tried to escape and was taken away by several revolutionaries. Since then the circumstances of his death remain unclear. “
Death of Muammar Gaddafi – Encryption of Hasni Abidi
Buried in a secret place
The NGO calling for the investigation says Muammar Gaddafi appears lifeless when he is taken in an ambulance to Misrata. At the time, the UN was calling for an inquiry. ” The circumstances are not yet clear »A spokesman for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said the videos, which are considered too confusing, raise fears of genocide.
There was an initial investigation, says researcher Hasni Abidi, but the interest of the Libyan authorities is very low. Muammar Gaddafi still has a lot of support. Moreover, the division between East and West made any investigation almost impossible.
Four days after his death, Fallen leader Buried in an undisclosed location, it was time for Misrata to expose her body to the view of the Libyans. Even today, his family demands to know where his body is.
Ask more: The last days of Muammar Gaddafi
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