“Isolated as never before”. Signed New York Times (Article in English), This formula summarizes the loneliness of the President of Afghanistan, Ashraf Ghani, when the Taliban were at the gates of the capital Kabul. In a televised speech on Saturday, August 14, the head of state said he was there After the start “Suggestions” Find out “A Political Solution” In the country, the military situation is becoming more and more important to power every day. However, the man made no mention of his possible resignation; However this rumor spread on social websites. Who is this 72-year-old leader, under short-elected and competing conditions in 2020? Here are four things you need to know about him.
He lived for a long time in the United States
Born in 1949, Ashraf Ghani studied economics and anthropology Kabul, then at the American University of Beirut in Lebanon. In 1977, he moved to the United States. Therefore, he was not in his country during the Soviet-led war from 1979 to 1989. Especially in Berkeley, California.
Finally, in 1991, he joined the World Bank to work as an anthropologist, responsible for studying the social implications of economic aid and reform. From this experience he draws a book: How to fix failed states. The most relevant guide for the future leader of a disaster-stricken country, Fall Echoes.
After 24 years of absence, he returned to Afghanistan in December 2001 after the US-led lightning war in retaliation for the September 11 attacks. Within weeks, the United States and its allies ousted the Taliban, which had sheltered Osama bin Laden.
Everything must be rebuilt in this country that has been ravaged by decades of war. Ashraf Ghani was part of this Afghan elite, crossed the United States and regained power from his deportation, To describe Lee Figaro. In particular, he will work with incumbent President Hamid Karzai, who was in power from 2001 to 2014, in which he will be an adviser and then finance minister. Tax reform, new currency, stimulus for the return of immigrants, talks with foreign donors to finance the reform policy …Ashraf Ghani, To explain France24. The minister is also spearheading a campaign against local corruption RFI
He was narrowly elected in 2014 and 2020
Hamid fought with Karzai, Ashraf Ghani He is running against him in the 2009 presidential election. In vain. He comes in only fourth with less than 3% of the vote. Since he represented himself in 2014, his failure has not stopped him.
For this new presidential campaign, he grew a beard, wearing his tribal family name “Ahmadzai” and traditional Afghan clothing, notes Lee Figaro. This time, he was elected, but in a highly debated situation, note France24. Ashraf Ghani He received more than 56% of the vote in the second round, but if he accepts the presidency, at the cost of a power-sharing deal that ends with the loser in the election, he denies defeat, with Abdullah Abdullah as the executive chairman to resolve the controversy.
In 2020, the outgoing president was re-elected under even worse circumstances. The results (a victory of less than 50.64% of the vote) were not announced until February 2020, almost five months after the poll. Of the 9.6 million registered voters, only 1.8 million were counted by the Election Commission. A total of 16,500 complaints of irregularities have been registered by the candidates. A new political crisis is developing with his rival, Abdullah Abdullah, leading to a new division of power. Abdullah Abdullah, who heads the High Council for National Reconciliation in 2020, is responsible for negotiating with the Taliban.
He associated himself with a general accused of war crimes
The teacher who never fought knew how to trust fighters with dubious reputations to win the presidential election. To win power, in 2014, aShroff Connie Thus associating itself with cUzbek War Hef Abdul Rashid Dostum. This is a 67 year old man According to the AFP, he was known for his changing faith and his brutal methods. Abdul Rashid Dostam He has been charged with war crimes, including the suffocation of 2,000 Taliban in containers in 2001. He has always denied the allegations, according to the AFP. Between 2014 and 2020, he was vice presidentAshraf Ghani Before supporting Abdullah Abdullah, the country’s presidential candidate in the last presidential election.
He is “more isolated than ever.”
What power does the Afghan president have today? “Isolated more than ever”, In words New York Times, AShroff Connie Promises to continue the fight against the Taliban. When he addresses the nation on television, he assures us of it “Delete” The troops are his “Priority Number One” And “Key steps are being taken for this”. But in reality, the military situation is very important to those in power.
Kabul’s military, despite years of training, financing and arming Americans, has proven powerless in the face of Islamic insurgents. Hundreds of soldiers, police and militants with all their equipment surrendered to the Taliban in the northwestern part of the country, according to an adviser from the province of Kunduz quoted by the AFP.
Provincial capitals are falling one after another. Within a week, the Taliban had taken control of almost all northern, western and southern Afghanistan and reached the gates of Kabul. The area controlled by Afghanistan has now been reduced to its capital and a few pockets, for how long. AShroff Connie, for now, is hanging on to his duties. To the extent of making sure they have started “Suggestions” Within the government, with policymakers and international partners, find out “A Political Solution in Peace and Stability” Are protected.
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