December 8, 2021

Arunachal Front

Complete News World

India surprises by ensuring carbon neutrality by 2070

India made 1 surprise on MondayThere is November, in Glasgow, Scotland. The South Asian company has set a target of achieving carbon neutrality by 2070, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced in his speech the day after the launch of COP26. India, the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases after China and the United States, is the only major polluter on the planet that does not guarantee carbon neutralization. “The Prime Minister, true to his style, surprised everyone, and the goal he set was particularly ambitious,” he said. Says Swati D’Souza, head of climate action research at the National Foundation of India.

Read more The article is reserved for our subscribers COP26 is waiting for concrete action

Just last week, India was reluctant to announce a carbon neutrality target. “Carbon neutralization is not a solution, the amount of carbon emitted into the atmosphere before reaching net zero is important”, Rameshwar Prasad Gupta, the most senior official in the Ministry of Environment, stressed at a press conference that India’s share in overall emissions was low. Since pre-industrial times, the latter have represented only about 3.5% of the world’s total, with 20% in the United States and 15% in the European Union.

Scientists hope to reach net zero by 2050, twenty years before the date established by the Prime Minister of India, to avoid catastrophic climate damage. “India wants to set targets below what it can do to better achieve its goals. If the country fulfills its other promises, it will be able to achieve carbon neutrality before 2070. Judge Swati D’Souza. India has announced that it will increase its fossil energy capacity to 500 gigawatts by 2030 and provide 50% of its needs through renewable energy. Another promise made by the Prime Minister on Monday: reduce the carbon intensity of the economy by 45% by 2030.

See also  The Texas Controlled Abortion Act is coming into force
Read more The article is reserved for our subscribers In graphics and images: The United States, the European Union and China emit about 50% of global CO2 emissions

“Important moment”

The challenge for India will be to finance this change. The country still relies heavily on coal, which currently produces 70% of its energy needs. “Today it is estimated that 20 million people make a living from the coal industry. This change will take some time,” he said. Swati D’Souza Profile. Narendra Modi did not fail to point out that developing countries need the support of developed countries. “India expects developed countries to make $ 1,000 billion climate funding available soon” He announced. This is ten times the goal of raising $ 100 billion a year, which developed countries will not reach before 2023. “India puts the ball on the court of developed countries”, Arunabha Ghosh, the New Delhi-based think tank of the Energy, Environment and Water Council, ruled, and now he “Monitor not only climate action but also climate funding provided”, He continued.

You should read 15.6% in this article. The rest is for subscribers only.