January 19, 2022

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July floods in Germany and Belgium are well connected with global warming

Damage to more than 200 people and billions of euros: Large number of floods Destroyed Germany and Belgium Climate change should be blamed in mid-July. According to a study released on Tuesday, August 24, this extreme episode is 9 times more likely to be caused by man-induced warming, with at least a 20% higher probability. There is also climate change “Increases rainfall by 3% to 19% per day”, According to scientists World Weather Attribute (WWA), Which brings together experts from various research institutes around the world.

On July 14 and 15, heavy flooding killed 190 people in Germany and 38 in Belgium. Germany needs to allocate 30 billion euros for the reconstruction of disaster-stricken areas and the successor to disaster president Angela Merkel put the issue of climate emergency at the center of public debate in the weeks leading up to the decisive elections in late September. .

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On July 15, 2021, a train sank in Kortel, Germany

Increased probability and severity

To the 39 international scientists gathered under the WWA banner, no doubt: “Climate change probability increases, but intensifies” The events of July, Frank Greenenkamp of the German Meteorological Service, pioneered this study, said in an online presentation. There is the chapter “Historically Recorded Rainfall Records for Huge Beats” In the affected areas, the researchers say.

An increase in rainfall is an expected result of global warming because a physical phenomenon increases the humidity of the atmosphere by about 7% with each additional degree.

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This is the second study to clearly point to global warming in the growing natural disasters this summer. WWA previously calculated “Thermal Dome” It diverted west of Canada and the US in late June “Almost impossible” without the effects of climate change.

It heats up faster than expected

In early August, the UN Climate Experts (IPCC) also sounded an alarm Shock report, Pointing to global warming faster and stronger than the threat, threatens humanity with disasters “Unprecedented”. According to the Paris Agreement the +1.5 degree Celsius limit should not be exceeded – so it could reach ten years earlier than estimated in 2030. The catastrophic effects – drought, fire or flood – are already being felt around the world.

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The authors ran different models to assess how global warming affected the Ahr and Erfth riverbeds in the worst-affected region and the maximum rainfall of one or two days in the Muse Valley in Belgium. But a large region comprising these two countries and the neighboring Netherlands are less affected.

They noticed a “Strengthening trend”, Though one remains “The big difference” From one year to the next. And the probability of an event like July in Western Europe being assessed once every 400 years. In other words, one in every 400 people is at risk of such a catastrophe each year. And they “Will become more common” If warming continues, the study indicates.

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That’s it “It’s important to know how we minimize the impact of these chapters and their impact.”, Said Morton von Alst, one of the authors, director of the Red Cross and Crescent Climate Center. Because “Unfortunately, people are mostly ready … but for an earlier disaster.”.

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World with AFP