January 22, 2022

Arunachal Front

Complete News World

The Gulf of Guinea, the sea of ​​all dangers and the realm of global piracy

By Francesca Fottori, Ricardo Privetoni and Eric Tedier

Released today at 3:44 pm, updated at 3:44 pm.

The “The most dangerous sea area in the world”. The Gulf of Guinea is accredited by the French Maritime Information Cooperation and Awareness Center (MICA Center), which has been responsible for analyzing the global maritime security situation since 2016. The hotspot of international maritime trade, which accounts for more than 7% of the world’s marine hydrocarbon reserves from Ghana to Equatorial Guinea, is today the hardest hit by piracy.

By 2020, a third of such attacks, and more than 95% of the 135 registered naval abductions, occurred in the region up to the Mediterranean, according to the International Maritime Bureau.

Nigeria

Harmless

Ghana

Ivory Coast

Cameron

Gabon

Annoban Island
(Equatorial Guinea)

Congo

Angola

To go

Why Dom
And policy

Guinea
equator

யாவுண்டே

Malabo

Libreville

Luanda

Abuja

Accra

Yamass Sukro

Why Dom

Lom

Porto-Novo

Lagos

Kodonov

Douala

Port-Gentle

Cabinda

Black dot

Abidjan

Port-Harcourt

Gulf
From Guinea

International Water

Description The world : Francesca Fottori, Delphine Bobbin and Ricardo Privetoni

proof’s: “Global Piracy and Piracy. Annual Review 2020”, MICA Center, 2021; International Maritime Bureau; Ripto; D. Papin, B. Tertrais, Atlas of Borders (Les Arènes, 2020); Naval Intelligence Office

That same year, the MICA Center recorded 375 illegal acts at sea: piracy in international waters or piracy under state sovereignty (regional maritime, exclusive economic zone).

Seizure of ships, kidnapping of personnel for ransom, piracy: Piracy is often carried out by Nigerian gangs and is well organized. The Norwegian NGO Ripto reports that this “professionalization” of piracy goes hand in hand with the distance from the coast, which indicates that attacks on the international seas are on the rise.

As a result, in April 2021, insurers expanded the area considered to be at risk of war and terrorism, forcing shipowners to pay higher premiums to navigate the Gulf of Guinea. Dissatisfied, the latter calls for international intervention to combat piracy, modeled on Operation Atlanta operating in the Gulf of Aden. Launched by France and implemented by the European Union in late 2008, this military and diplomatic mission enabled the elimination of piracy within ten years.

2000s – The pirate is confined to the Niger Delta, where oil exploitation is concentrated. Criminal gangs target oil tankers to sell crude oil on the black market.

In 2008 – Oil production in the region is exploding. Pirate attacks follow the same pattern.

In 2011 And 2012 – Theft takes on a regional dimension. Coastal states define codes of conduct related to the suppression of illegal maritime activities. Signed at Yaoundé in 2013, there is no effective action in this agreement.

2020 -Pirates are becoming more professional and more and more active off the coast. They attack large ships, hijack crews for ransom money, and use hijacked ships to attack new ships.

Click on dates

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And Ricardo Privetoni

proof’s: “Global Piracy and Piracy. Annual Review 2020”, MICA Center, 2021; International Maritime Bureau; Ripto; D. Papin, B. Tertrais, Atlas of Borders (Les Arènes, 2020); Naval Intelligence Office

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In Kofil, Guinea, regional cooperation is complicated by tensions between coastal states. In March, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Nigeria organized joint military exercises. In October, a “Integrated Marine Balance”, Uniting France and Italy, was established for the first time in the Gulf of Guinea. In the same month, a six-month monitoring mission was launched by Denmark; Maersk, the world’s largest maritime carrier, is a Danish company.

Read more The response is being arranged as Guinea faces sea piracy in the Gulf